In this article Centauer Biomechanics stress an often overlooked problem concerning the hight of a rider’s mounting block.
Mounting the horse seems like a routine task performed daily. However, mounting technique and the height of the mounting block should be considered. When mounting, the rider’s weight is supported by the stirrup and the rider then lifts their centre of mass up. During this process, the saddle is pulled over to the left, which causes the back of the saddle to cross the midline (spine). As a function of the saddle being pulled towards the rider, along with the rider’s weight, an area of high pressure (> than a horse landing over 1.30m) on the right side of the horses’ back is created. As a strategy to withstand the forces from the mounting rider, the horse will alter its posture and limb loading. As has been said in previous blogs and publications, horses develop a compensation strategy to alleviate any discomfort caused, in this case from mounting.
The hight of the rider matters
Rider height affected saddle pressures when mounting; a smaller rider had higher pressures than a taller rider. It is thought that this is due to the length of the rider’s levers (legs) and the need for the smaller rider to pull the saddle (and horse) towards them as opposed to a taller rider, who could direct their centre of mass up and over, thus reducing the pressures when mounting.
You may consider rider fitness
Rider fitness can also have an effect; athletic riders were able to bounce and generate greater force when pushing off from the ground, raising their centre of mass vertically, versus the less athletic riders who had less force on push off, as a result, used a pulling mechanism to mount (i.e. pulling the horse towards them).
A gentle landing is appreciated
Another area to consider is how the rider descends on the saddle – riders who land “heavy”, create areas of high pressures towards the back of the saddle.
No sitting up from the ground
It is appreciated that the majority of riders do not mount from the ground. Instead, riders tend to use an easy to move, portable stool or step. Although this is positive, mounting block height should also be considered relative to horse height. It was demonstrated that a small mounting block of 22.5” did not help reduce saddle pressures when mounting. In contrast when using a tall mounting block, defined as a mounting block where the rider can put their foot in the stirrup and then mount as if stepping onto the horse. As the “mounting” (from foot off to seated) process time was shortened this was associated with reduced saddle pressures when mounting.
Therefore, the higher the mounting block, the better, to help reduce pressures beneath the saddle. Having someone hold the opposite stirrup is advantageous and recommended even when using a high mounting block.
Something to take with you home
- Mounting from the ground creates high pressures on the horses back, particularly on the right side of withers.
- Where possible, use a high mounting block that allows you to place your foot in the stirrup and then mount as if you were stepping on.
- Ask someone to hold the opposite stirrup when mounting, even if using a high mounting block.
- When giving a leg up – be cautious on “leg up” technique, so that the rider does not land heavy on the horses back.
- Consider rider fitness in relation to mounting technique.
How much does it affect the horse’s back when mounting the horse? Watch the video below – just press the picture.